Tree & Shrubs

Tree and Shrubs

The Shouf Biosphere Reserve harbors a rich flora with about 520 species of plants. Many of these plants are medicinal, some are edible, and others are aromatic. The Reserve is home to 25 internationally and nationally threatened plants; 48 plants endemic to Lebanon or the Syria/Lebanon/Turkey area; 14 rare plants; and 214 plants that are restricted to the Eastern Mediterranean or Middle East area.
The Shouf Biosphere Reserve is most famous for its large and self propagating stands of Lebanese cedar (Cedrus libani). The cedar is a highly symbolic conifer, and one of the most cited plants in history, religion, and mythology. The Reserve represents the natural southern limit of this tree and hosts about 620 hectares of cedar forests that are largely confined to the steeper and less accessible areas. Nowadays the cedar forests, protected from overgrazing and human interference, are showing clear signs of natural regeneration

Aceraceae
Acer tauricolum Boiss. and Bal.
Taurus maple
Erable du Taurus

Distribution: East Mediterranean Region.
Range in Lebanon: 1000-1900 m above sea level
Flowering time: Spring

Ericaceae
Arbutus andrachne L.
Oriental strawberry-tree Arbousier d’Orient

Distribution: Mediterranean Region and around Black Sea
Range in Lebanon: 500-1500m above sea level, woodlands
Flowering time: December – March

Pinaceae
Cedrus libani L.
Cedar of Lebanon
Cèdre du Liban

Distribution: Lebanon, Syria, South Turkey
Range in Lebanon:1200-1900m above sea level
Main forests:Jaje, Tannourine Nature Reserve, Bcharre, Hadath El-Jebbeh, Ehden Nature Reserve, Donnieh, Swasseh, Karm-el Mohr, Karm-el Njass, Quammoua
Flowering time: Autumn

Cesalpiniaceae
Cercis siliquastrum L.
Judas tree
Arbre – de – Judée

Distribution: South Europe, West Asia and Mediterranean
Region Range in Lebanon: 0 – 1200m above sea level
Flowering time: February – April

Rosaceae
Crataegus monogyna Jacqu.
One-styled hawthorn
Aubépine à un style

Distribution: Europe, North Africa, West Asia and North West India
Range in Lebanon: 0-1300 m above sea level
Flowering time: March – May.

Rosaceae
Crataegus azarolus L.
Common azarole
Azerolier

Distribution:South Europe, Turkey, Cyprus, Caucasus, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine
Range in Lebanon: 0-1600 m above sea level
Flowering time: March – May

Cupressaceae
Juniperus excelsa M.B.
Grecian juniper
Genévrier élevé

Distribution: Balkan and Mediterranean Region
Range in Lebanon: 1500-2800m above sea level
Flowering time: Spring

Rosaceae
Pirus syriaca Boiss.
Syrian pear
Poirier de Syrie

Distribution:Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan
Range in Lebanon: 400-1300m above sea level
Flowering time: February – May

Rosaceae
Prunus ursina Ky.
Bear plum
Prunier des ours

Distribution:Turkey, Syria and Lebanon
Range in Lebanon: 0-2800m above sea level
Flowering time: March – May

Rosaceae
Prunus korschinskii (Hand.-Mazz.)
Bornm. Korshinsky’s almond
Amandier de korshinsky

Distribution: Lebanon, Syria and Palestine
Range in Lebanon: 800-1400 m above sea level, rocks and mountains slopes
Flowering time: March – April

Fagaceae
Quercus brantii, ssp. look (Ky) Mouterde
Brant’s oak
Chêne de Brant

Distribution: Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Kurdistan, Syria and Lebanon (ssp. look is endemic to the reserve)
Range in Lebanon: 1400-1800m above sea level
Flowering time: April – May

Fagaceae
Quercus calliprinos Webb.
Kermes oak
Chêne kermès

Distribution:Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine
Range in Lebanon: 0-1500m above sea level
Flowering time: February – April

Anacardiaceae
Rhus coriaria L.
Tanner’s sumach
Sumac des corroyeurs

Distribution: South and Middle Europe, South Russia, Caucasus, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine
Range in Lebanon: 0-1600m above sea level
Flowering time: April – June

Fagaceae
Quercus infectoria Oliv.
Cyprus oak
Chêne tinctorial

Distribution: Mediterranean Region
Range in Lebanon: 500-1500m above sea level
Flowering time: March – April

Rosaceae
Sorbus flabellifolia (Spach) C.K.Schneider
Fan–leaved service tree
Sorbier à feuilles en éventail

Distribution: Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and Iran
Range in Lebanon: 1300-1800m above sea level
Flowering time: March – June