Fact Sheet for the World Food Programme Livelihood Project WB – 2018
Shouf Biosphere Reserve

Project Title: Forest Management and Sustainable Livelihood, “Aitanit, a pilot village in the West Bekaa”

[ Duration: 9 months ]

Objectives and Activities

Objectives of the actions
Objective 1: Enhancing capacities of local communities on forest management, thus contributing to livelihood, income generation and employment opportunities that help the local community. In addition to engaging Syrian refugees to help in their involvement with the host community and transfer skills and interests in forestry that can be carried back to Syria and provide sustainable means of living for them.
Objective 2: Enhance landscape resilience to climate change through eco-system restoration intervention, contributing to the MOA and FAO strategy in planting 40 million trees.
Objective 3: Establishing forests as communal assets for community through engaging all the stakeholders in the activities’ implementation and environmental awareness sessions.

Target group (s) Targeted participants: 320 participants from vulnerable families, including Lebanese and Syrian, men and women.

Targeted villages: West Bekaa – Aitanit and surrounded villages, Machgara ,Saghbine, Bab Maraa Ain Zebdeh, Kherbet Qanafar, kefraiya, Aana, Ammiq.

Final beneficiaries Direct Beneficiaries: 1750
Indirect beneficiaries: 5000

Main activities
Activity 1: FFT phase that includes capacity building workshops and training sessions on:

a. Restoration of degraded lands through reforestation activities
b. Proper use and management of forest
c. Ecotourism and environmental awareness
d. Old abandoned terrace restoration
e. Teaching how to create small nurseries and take care of seedlings
f. Awareness on licenses required and environmental impact assessment principles

Activity 2: FFA phase that includes implementation of activities on field as:
a. Reforestation activities, planting different tree species, and mulching of the planted trees to retain soil humidity thus increasing survival rate and decreasing irrigation costs.
b. Thinning for forest conservation, reduce fire risk by removing all weeds and excessive branches that assists in generating additional shredded biomass to be transformed to the compost units.
c. Establishing trails for ecotourism and maintenance of existing trails.
d. Restoring old abandoned agricultural land and terraces ( stone wall building, rehabilitation of ponds, planting of high economic value species)
e. Environmental awareness (for farmers, students, locals) on different topics (composting, terrace restoration, forest and biodiversity conservation, ecotourism through hikes and field visits)

Estimated Results
Result 1:

• Training modules for all the proposed trainings in FFT phase.
• Skills of 188 participants increased through 40 trainings conducted
• Booklet produced for Aitanit village in addition to a video.

Result 2:
a. 27500 seedling of high economic value species and 2500 trees planted, in addition to mulching of 28000 seedlings.
b. 30 hectares of forests thinned and 200 tons of compost produced
c. 30 Km of trails established and maintained
d. 5 hectares of old abandoned terraces restored
e. More than 200 persons from the local community are aware on different environmental topics(climate change adaptive measure, biomass management, composting, terrace restoration, water management, ecotourism, biodiversity conservation)